About the Department
The pathology laboratory is the hospital unit where biopsy or cytology samples are examined and detailed studies are carried out, especially on cancerous cells. Thanks to the work done in the laboratory, the physician has the specific and comprehensive information he needs to develop an optimal treatment plan, especially in cases of cancer.
Considering that there are hundreds of types of tumors with many different characteristics that require accurate diagnosis, medical professionals working in the pathology laboratory examine the patient data in detail to provide personalized treatment plans for each patient.
Tests on blood, urine and other body fluids are commonly performed in the pathology laboratory, and various information is obtained for sub-fields such as hematology, microbiology, immunology and immunohematology to be used in the treatment plan.
In addition to these, pathological studies that make it possible to examine the tissues of bones, joints, tendons, ligaments and muscles under the microscope, specialist physicians perform examinations on thousands of different diseases, including metabolic, infectious, traumatic, degenerative and neoplastic.
The pathology laboratory, which supports the clinical services offered in the hospital and where clinical and anatomical tests are completed in a short time, is at the service of patients uninterruptedly under the guidance of expert pathologists.
Importance of Pathology Studies in Diagnosis, Diagnosis and Treatment
Pathology, literally, is a branch of science that studies the nature of diseases and how to prevent them. While pathology tests help determine the cause and nature of diseases by analyzing samples of body tissues and body fluids, the results obtained with the tests are very decisive in providing personalized treatment for patients.
Pathology tests performed by specialist medical personnel are mandatory for public health. So much so that nowadays, if one applies to health centers with any complaint, the diagnosis and treatment phase cannot be started without performing the necessary pathology laboratory tests. However, relatively simple pathology tests, such as blood tests, are also often performed as part of a routine checkup to see if the body system is functioning properly.
Pathology lab work, through blood tests, biopsies, and many other tests, is relied on to identify, diagnose, treat, and prevent infections, allergies, chronic diseases, and countless other medical conditions.
In addition, the definitive diagnosis of malignant tumors and cancerous cells is made after the studies in the pathology laboratory. Therefore, test results are highly decisive in determining the stage and designing the treatment.
Other diseases that can be diagnosed after studies in the pathology laboratory are as follows:
- Lung parenchyma diseases,
- Stomach diseases (gastritis, ulcer, reflux etc.)
- Hormonal diseases,
- Intestinal diseases (Crohn’s disease, lazy bowel, etc.),
- Skin diseases (eczema, vitiligo etc.),
- Infectious diseases,
- Liver diseases.